As is involved with the operation of any kind of machinery, big and small, there are numerous regulations in place to ensure a safe work environment for all. These regulations will vary, depending on which province you are currently working in. It is an operator’s duty to ensure that all safety guidelines are being followed for the region that they are working in


From Alberta Occupational Health & Safety Guidelines

Subsection 64(1)
An employer must ensure that the operator of a lifting device meets two conditions. First, the worker must be competent. Under the Apprenticeship and Industry Training Act, no person may work in the occupation of Crane and Hoisting Equipment Operator unless that person

has a recognized trade certificate:
o Alberta Journeyman Certificate

o Alberta Qualification Certificate
o Alberta Certificate of Completion of Apprenticeship
o Alberta Certificate of Proficiency
o Certificates of Completion of Apprenticeship issued by another

province prior to May 9, 1996
o Certificates bearing the Interprovincial Standards Program Red Seal
o Effective June 26, 1988, certificates for the Trade issued by

Saskatchewan Apprenticeship, or

•  has applied to go into an apprenticeship program, or

•  is in an apprenticeship program, or

•  is a student in a work-training program, or

•  is otherwise permitted under the Apprenticeship and Industry Training Act to work

in the trade, or

•  has a certificate from another jurisdiction that is not recognized and has applied

to have it recognized and is working under apprentice-type supervision, or

•  is in a recognized training program from another jurisdiction and working under

apprentice-type supervision, or

•  has applied for a certificate and is working under apprentice-type supervision.

These provisions under the Apprenticeship and Industry Training Act are limited to:


• (a)  tower cranes;


• (b)  mobile cranes with a lifting capacity of 15 tons or greater;


• (c)  stiff boom trucks that have a lifting capacity greater than 5 tons;


• (d)  articulating boom trucks that have a lifting capacity greater than 5 tons equipped with a winch or 8 tons if not equipped with a winch; and


• (e)  wellhead boom trucks.

A journeyman’s certificate, or an equivalent credential recognized by Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, Apprenticeship and Industry Training, is not required under the OHS Act, Regulation or Code to prove the competency of a worker performing the work of a particular compulsory trade.

Subsection 64(2)

An operator must be able to demonstrate competency in operating the device, including, where relevant:

• (a)  operating the lifting device in a proper, safe, controlled, and smooth manner in

accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications;

• (b)  reading and understanding lift plans;

• (c)  maintaining the equipment log book and the operator’s log book;

• (d)  selecting the appropriate boom, jib and crane configuration to meet lift

requirements and determine the net lifting capacity of this configuration;

• (e)  determining the number of parts of line required;

• (f)  thoroughly understanding the information in the operating manual and

understanding the device’s limitations;

• (g)  knowing, understanding and properly using the load charts;

• (h)  inspecting the lifting device and performing daily maintenance as required by

the manufacturer’s specifications or by the employer;

• (i)  checking that all hazards have been identified;

• (j)  shutting down and securing the device when it is unattended; and

• (k)  understanding and using hand signals for hoisting operations.

Subsection 64(3)

Any worker who does not meet the requirements of subsection (1) is prohibited from operating the lifting device.

Subsection 64(4)

To ensure the safest possible lifting operation, the operator of a lifting device must be familiar with the device’s operating condition. The device’s log book is the record of that condition at any given time and the operator is required to review recent entries prior to operating the device.

British Columbia

From WorksafeBC Guidelines

Section 14.34.1 of the OHS Regulation (“Regulation”) states:

On and after July 1, 2007, a mobile crane, tower crane or boom truck must be operated only

(a) by a person with a valid operator’s certificate issued by a person acceptable to the Board, and

(b) in accordance with any conditions stipulated on the certificate.

Purpose of guideline
This guideline outlines the crane certification program for operators to obtain valid certification to operate the various types of cranes covered by the requirement.

Operators of mobile cranes, tower cranes, and boom trucks must possess a valid operator’s certificate. Crane operator certification is administered through the British Columbia Association for Crane Safety (“BCACS”), in conjunction with the Fulford Harbour Group Ltd. (“FHG”), and the Industry Training Association (“ITA”).

Until February 28, 2011 the certification program was subject to a phased implementation period that permitted crane operators to continue to work while testing and certification took place. That implementation period has ended. From March 1, 2011, any operator without a valid certificate will be subject to orders and may be removed from operation until a valid certificate is obtained.

Types of equipment operators covered
Section 14.34.1 applies to operators of all mobile cranes, boom trucks, and tower cranes with a rated capacity equal to or greater than five tons or with a boom length of 25 feet or greater based on manufacturer’s specifications. WorkSafeBC considers this equipment to include the following:

Mobile Cranes and Boom Trucks:
As described in

• CSA Standard Z150-1998, Safety Code for Mobile Cranes
• ANSI Standard ANSI/ASME B30.5-2004, Mobile and Locomotive Cranes
• ANSI Standard ANSI/ASME B30.22-2005, Articulating Boom Cranes

Tower Cranes
As described in

• CSA Standard Z248-2004, Code for Tower Cranes
• ANSI Standard ASME B30.4-2003, Portal, Tower, and Pillar Cranes